WP Latest

JS Remove Char from String – How to Trim a Character from a String in JavaScript

1d75957a397f479d41bc73b407025508.jpeg

JS Remove Char from String – How to Trim a Character from a String in JavaScript

Manipulating strings is a fundamental skill in programming.

A common task you might encounter when coding in JavaScript is trimming characters from a string. Trimming involves removing specific characters from the beginning and/or end of a string. These characters can be leading or trailing whitespace, tabs, line breaks, or trailing commas.

You may also want to remove specific characters you don’t want in your program and replace them with others.

In this article, you will learn about some methods you can use to trim and remove characters from a string in JavaScript.

How to Remove Whitespace Characters Using the trim() Method in JavaScript

You can remove leading and trailing whitespace characters from a string using the built-in trim() method.

Here is the general syntax for the trim() method:

string.trim()

The trim() method is called directly on the string you want to trim. The method removes any whitespace characters such as spaces, tabs, or line breaks, from the beginning and end of the string.

Note that the trim() method doesn’t modify the original string. Instead, it returns a new trimmed string, with the leading and trailing characters removed.

Let’s take the following example:

let greeting = "    Hello World    ";

let trimmedGreeting = greeting.trim();

console.log(trimmedGreeting); 

In the example above, I declared a variable named greeting and assigned the string value Hello World . The string has spaces both at the beginning and the end.

To remove those leading and trailing spaces, I called the trim() method on the greeting variable and stored the result in a new variable, trimmedGreeting.

When I used console.log() to print the new string to the console, the leading and trailing spaces had been removed.

The original string in greeting still contains the leading and trailing spaces.

How to Remove Leading Whitespace Characters Using the trimStart() Method in JavaScript

To remove whitespace characters only form the start of a string in JavaScript, you can use the trimStart() method.

Let’s take the following example:

let greeting = "    Hello World    ";

let trimmedGreeting = greeting.trimStart();

console.log(trimmedGreeting); 

In the example above, the greeting variable has a string value of Hello World .The string has spaces at the beginning and the end.

I called the trimStart() method on greeting and saved the result in trimmedGreeting. This method removes only any whitespaces from the beginning of the string. The whitespaces at the end of the string will remain.

How to Remove Trailing Whitespace Characters Using the trimEnd() Method in JavaScript

To remove whitespace characters only form the end of a string in JavaScript, you can use the trimEnd() method.

Let’s take the following example:

let greeting = "    Hello World    ";

let trimmedGreeting = greeting.trimEnd();

console.log(trimmedGreeting); 

The string stored in greeting has spaces at the beginning and the end.

I called the trimEnd() method on greeting and saved the result in trimmedGreeting. This method removes only any whitespaces from the end of the string. The whitespaces at the beginning of the string will remain.

How to Remove a Character Using the replace() Method in JavaScript

To remove a specific character from a string in JavaScript, you can use the replace() method.

Here is the general syntax for the replace() method:

string.replace(pattern, replacement);

You call the replace() method on a string you want to modify. The method accepts two arguments: pattern and replacement.

The pattern argument specifies the pattern you want to find and replace in the string. This can be a specific character, substring, or regular expression pattern you want to find and replace in the string.

The replacement argument is the new character or string you want to replace pattern with.

Note that the replace() method doesn’t modify the original string.

Let’s take a look at an example:

let sentence = "I love dogs";

let modifiedSentence  = sentence.replace("dogs", "cats");

console.log(modifiedSentence); 

I first declared a variable named sentence and assigned the string value I love dogs.

Then, I called the replace() method on sentence, as I want to remove the substring dogs and replace it with cats. I then stored the result in the new variable modifiedSentence.

Lastly, I logged the string stored in the modifiedSentence variable to the console. The "I love cats" string is printed to the console.

The replace() method found the substring dogs and replaced it with cats, without changing anything else.

How to Remove Multiple Instances of a Character Using the replace() Method in JavaScript

In the previous section, you saw an example of how to use the replace() method to replace one word with another one.

What happens though when you’ve got multiple occurrences of the word you want to replace?

let sentence = "I love dogs because dogs are cute";

let modifiedSentence  = sentence.replace("dogs", "cats");

console.log(modifiedSentence); 

In the example above, the sentence variable has two occurrences of the word dogs that I want to replace with the word cats. However, the replace() method by default only replaces the first occurrence of dogs.

Removing multiple occurrences of a word using the replace() method is a bit different. You achieve this by using a regular expression.

Let’s rewrite the code using a regular expression:

let sentence = "I love dogs because dogs are cute";

let modifiedSentence  = sentence.replace(/dogs/g, "cats");

console.log(modifiedSentence); 

In the example above, I replaced all occurrences of the string dogs with the string cats.

Instead of passing a string as the first argument to replace(), I passed the regular expression /dogs/g, which using the g flag. This flag stands for global, and matches all occurrences of the word dogs, not just the first one.

Conclusion

In this article, you learned the very basics of trimming strings and replacing characters in strings in JavaScript.

Specifically, you learned how to use the trim() method to trim both leading and trailing whitespace characters, and learned about the trimStart() and trimEnd() methods to remove only leading or only trailing whitespace characters, respectively.

Lastly, you learned how to use the replace() method to remove specific characters and replace them with others.

Thanks for reading, and happy coding!

Leave your thought here

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Enable Notifications OK No thanks